Nanotechnology: The Small-Scale Solutions To Big-Scale Issues
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Nanotechnology: The Small-Scale Solutions To Big-Scale Issues

Big telephones have become slim smartphones, gigantic computers turned into laptops, and huge lamps have become small effective LEDs. These phrases explain how every gigantic kind of stuff became small stuff with the same capacity and quality.

People started loving small things, giving importance to the details like technology and smart things. It’s where Nanotechnology comes into the light. It’s true that we all know technology, but do you know what is Nanotechnology? What is Nano? Where do we apply this? What do they do to develop such small things? How do all these start? Let’s discuss all these questions and their importance in society.

What is Nanotechnology?

The Greek prefix “nano” means “dwarf” or “something extremely small,” and it refers to one billionth (10-9) of a unit. Therefore, the term “nanomaterials” refers to a class of materials that have at least one dimension in the Nano metric range.

It is the use of matter on atomic, molecular, and also super molecule scales for industrial purposes. At the scale of intracellular structures and molecules, it uses non-materials like particles, fibers, tubes, grains, and so on to create and use materials and devices. It involves the production of objects that are no larger than 100 nanometers in size. The nanoparticles are applied in fields like electronics, energy, biomedicine, defense, micro-manufacturing, organic chemistry, and molecular biology.

What are the types of Nanotechnology?

  1. Dry Nanotechnology: This type of nanotechnology is used in the manufacture of structures in silicon, inorganic matter, metals, coal, and semiconductors.
  2. Wet Nanotechnology: It is based on the biological systems present in the marine/aqueous environment which includes the genetic material, enzymes, membranes, and all the other cellular microscopic components present

Various applications of Nanotechnology

The emerging need for nanotechnology has found its various applications in various fields. The basic chemicals, agriculture, cosmetics, food manufacturing, electronics, instrumentation, bio-engineering, textiles, medical, pharmaceuticals, and many other industrial fields depend on nanotechnology, a discipline with all the ingredients to turn the next industrial revolution. It offers gigantic possibilities and solutions for contemporary science and industries.


Various goods, procedures, and applications that might surely assist in environmental and climate protection can make use of the special properties of nanotechnology. The majority of ece colleges in india put a strong emphasis on it to generate creative concepts that can assist greatly and excel in the industries with the quickest economic growth.

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